(No assessment provided.)
This study was a comparison between Japanese and New Zealand students. New Zealand students were found to use diagrams and find correct solutions significantly more often than were Japanese students.
Students tend to perform better on word problems when they employ some type of diagram, however, if not prompted to do so, many students do not choose this strategy to aid in finding solutions to problems. We see these issues tied pedagogical issues, where there problems can be used assess how students are using diagrams, both before and after instructional intervention.